DARPA interested in applying quantum computing to machine learning

IBM's 16-qubit processor. DARPA officials are seeking information on quantum technology that can be used to optimize scientific modeling. (Photo IBM Research/Flickr)

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Defense officials are interested in how quantum computers can be applied to science and technology issues, including machine learning, and they’re looking to industry for help.

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency said Tuesday in a request for information that its Defense Sciences Office is looking to leverage the nuanced technology’s increased computing power for applications like optimizing artificial intelligence and machine learning, and addressing scientific modeling problems.

Quantum computing has been one of the most discussed emerging technologies this year, mostly for its theoretical potential to dramatically increase computing power by entangling particles — allowing the distinct “ones and zeros” of classical computer bits to be superimposed into a single state.

But while much of the discussion has centered on quantum computing’s potential ability to crack modern cryptography protocols, DARPA officials stressed in the RFI that interested industry partners should focus instead on how the technology’s computing power could be used to improve scientific applications. Specifically, the RFI requests existing or next-generation solutions that can address four core challenges:

  • Detailing the fundamental limits of quantum computing including “near-term wins” for modeling hard science problems as well as addressing scaling issues and possible integration with classical computers.
  • Outlining possible hybrid approaches to incorporating quantum computing with classical computers to optimize machine learning.
  • How to best interface quantum computers with quantum sensors.
  • What quantum computing-inspired algorithms can be applied to classical computers to handle quantum data.
  • DARPA officials also said that industry responses to the RFI would be used to determine participants in a potential future workshop on quantum technology.

Industry stakeholders have until Aug. 10 to respond.

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Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, quantum computing, RFI